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Ultrasound Video Transformers for Cardiac Ejection Fraction Estimation

  • | By Ultromics

Reynaud et al, MICCAI 2021.

Cardiac ultrasound imaging is used to diagnose various heart diseases. Common analysis pipelines involve manual processing of the video frames by expert clinicians. This suffers from intra- and inter-observer variability.

Ultromics proposes a novel approach to ultrasound video analysis using a transformer architecture based on a Residual Auto-Encoder Network and a BERT model adapted for token classification. This enables videos of any length to be processed. 

EchoGo Core is a fully automated AI pipeline that was applied to the task of End-Systolic (ES) and End-Diastolic (ED) frame detection, and  automated computation of the Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (EF).


EchoGo Core achieved an average frame distance of 3.36 frames for the ES and 7.17 frames for the ED on videos of arbitrary length. 

The end-to-end learnable approach can estimate the Ejection Fraction with a MAE of 5.95 and R2 of 0.52 in 0.15 s per video, showing that segmentation is not the only way to predict Ejection Fraction. 

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